Contents

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WTO, rules, commitments, tariffs, standards, trade wars, geographical indications, and more

UK-EU tariffs, tariff quotas, services, media, leadership, GATT Art24, continuity deals, and more

Trade, direct democracy

Crisis, reform, negotiations, disputes, amendments, agriculture, access to medicines, trade facilitation



Headlines




WTO reform

How wide to set the WTO window?

Thoughts on WTO reform and transparency. With Robert Wolfe
Photos by Jay Louvion Apr 26, 2021
Short: Summary
Long: 1 Transparency
External transparencyNegotiationsDoes transparency help or hinder?


Down a rabbit hole in search of the Wensleydale deal with Norway
Jun 8, 2021

Ukraine conflict

Ukraine cornfield

Five takeaways from the WTO seminar on food security
Over-reaction is not the answer, delegates hear Apr 26, 2022

Ukraine (painting detail)

Ukraine—what Russia faces in the WTO system
Mar 4–Apr 26, 2022
Can a WTO member be expelled? No. But … Mar 23, 2022

AGRICULTURE talks

Aerial shot of harvesters

Draft ministerial documents on agriculture updated Jun 11, 2022

Two last-minute agriculture proposals land ahead of Ministerial Conference Domestic support in stockholding programmes Jun 3, 2022

WTO farm talks head into 2022 Chair’s draft hangs in the balance Jan 24, 2022
Draft shows little to harvest Dec 9, 2021
The text Dec 9, 2021 | More



Dispute settlement

Crisis, but the WTO does …

Appeals in deep freeze since December 2019

Short: Why isn’t the WTO dead?
Long: Explanation Aug 21, 2019; May 3, 2020
Stop-gap: Arbitration, alternative appeals Aug 3, 2020
Another alternative: Turkey-EU arbitration May 3–6, 2022

… much more than disputes

Law of the jungle? Far from it

Rules-based trade is not just about disputes
| Dec 11, 2019; Nov 14, 2021
| and The ‘dead’ WTO is surprisingly busy
| Jan 17, 2020



Long read

From COVID-19 into 2021
Lessons for WTO work on agricultural trade and support

1. ‘WTO rules are not prescriptions’
2. What’s happened
3. Prospects
(Plus References)
December 31, 2020


‘WTO terms’ will apply in all future UK-EU trade. But how much?

A sliding scale of trade barriers
Summary | Part 1: WTO terms | Part 2: goods | Part 3: services and more
May 27, 2020



Primers

The WTO and implications for the UK, EU, Brexit
and international trade policy

These posts explain the WTO, how it works, its member-driven structure, and the UK’s and EU’s relationship with it.


How the WTO works graphic
Key functions: all handled by the WTO’s membership

Real beginners’ guides

Tariffs and the WTO July 28, 2018

Tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) and the WTO September 9, 2018

GATT Article 24 June XXIV, MMXIX

The 17 WTO plurilaterals and ‘joint-statement initiatives’ Jan 3, 2022

‘WTO terms’

They apply in any future UK-EU trade relationship. But how much?

Summary
Part 1 ‘WTO terms’
Part 2 goods
Part3 services and more
May 27, 2020



More on the WTO below. See also archived primers, all primers



On Brexit

Brexit and WTO commitments, WTO rules, free trade agreements,
Brexit more generally, presentations and evidence


Brexit and WTO commitments

Brexit and WTO rules

Free trade agreements, UK and EU relations

See also archived posts on Brexit, everything on Brexit



On Switzerland


Geographical indications

If Americans are confused about Gruyère cheese, blame the French
Or how to start a war among trade geeks Jan 13, 2022

Trade

What have the UK and Switzerland agreed on trade post-Brexit?
Feb 5, 2019; completely overhauled Jan 15, 2021


See also archived posts on Switzerland, everything on Switzerland



On THE WTO AND TRADE

Policy and reform, negotiations and rule-making,
dispute settlement


Policy and reform

How wide should the WTO window be set?

With Robert Wolfe. Thoughts on WTO reform and transparency April 26, 2020
Short: Summary
Long: 1 Transparency | 2 External transparency | 3 Negotiations | 4 Does transparency help or hinder?
(Photos by Jay Louvion)

Dire first meeting shows size of Okonjo-Iweala’s task
If this was an indication of members’ willingness to listen to the new director-general they had picked, then she must be disappointed
Mar 5, 2021


Agreements’ structure: the Trade Facilitation Agreement is an amendment to Annex 1A (goods). A fisheries subsidies agreement would be too
Agreements’ structure: How the WTO’s trade rules are organised

Negotiations and rule-making

All articles on WTO negotiations, and decisions, consensus and voting


Agriculture

Field under cloudy sky

Long read: From COVID-19 into 2021
1. ‘WTO rules are not prescriptions’ 2. What’s happened 3. Prospects
4. References Dec 31, 2020

History: the 20-year saga Mar 23, 2020

With Note on new approaches to domestic support Feb 4, 2021 and OECD support figures Jun 27, 2021



Dispute settlement

It’s working

How the WTO deals with problem trade measures — it’s not just dispute settlement Those who think the Appellate Body crisis will drag trade into the law of the jungle are in for a surprise Dec 11, 2019; updated

The WTO is surprisingly busy — considering it’s supposed to be dead
Jan 17, 2020

Video

The WTO and the global trading system, YouTube, 54 mins.
With Adam Posen, Vince Cable, Stuart Harbinson, Peter Ungphakorn, David Tinline, Centre for the Study of Financial Innovation, Jun 10, 2020


See also: archived posts on the WTO; everything on: agriculture, trade negotiations (category, tagged), decisions, consensus and voting, trade facilitation, dispute settlement, G20


Header photo: Norway reflections by David Mark, Pixabay licence